(spɑrk ɪgnɪʃən ɛndʒɪn) or SI engine. Word forms: (regular plural) spark ignition engines. noun. (Automotive engineering: Vehicle components, Engine, transmission, and exhaust) A spark ignition engine is an engine running on the Otto cycle.
What does SI and CI engine mean?
The Spark Ignition (SI) engine, as its name indicates uses spark to ignite the fuel. And in Compression Ignition (CI) engine, the air is compressed within the cylinder and the heat of this compression air is used to ignite the fuel.
What is the working of SI engine?
In a spark ignition engine, the fuel is mixed with air and then inducted into the cylinder during the intake process. After the piston compresses the fuel-air mixture, the spark ignites it, causing combustion. The expansion of the combustion gases pushes the piston during the power stroke.
What are the SI engine parts?
Inlet valve in SI engine is the passage for the air-fuel mixture to enter into the cylinder of the engine. 2) Exhaust Valve: The exhaust valve is used to remove the burnt or exhaust gases produced during the power stroke. All the exhaust gases escape through this valve.
Is petrol used in SI engine?
SI engines are commonly fueled on gasoline, with the fuel characterized based on octane number. The octane number defines the fuel’s ability to reduce autoignition or knock, with the higher the octane number, the higher the resistance to autoignition.
Which is better Si or CI engine?
6… Thermal efficiency: Due to lower compression ratio, maximum value of thermal efficiency is lower in an S.I engine compared to that of C.I. 7… Weight : S.I engines are generally lighter in weight due to their lower peak pressures as compare to C.I engines that are generally heavier, due to higher peak pressure.
What is CC in engines?
The capacity of a motorcycle’s engine is measured in terms of cubic capacity. Cubic capacity, also known as “cc” of vehicles, usually ranges between 50cc to 1500cc. … The engine capacity is the space/ volume available inside the tank to accommodate the air-fuel mix for burning.
What is advantage of SI engine?
Advantages of SI Engine
- It has a high auto-ignition temperature as compared to the CI or diesel engine.
- Petrol engine is a light engine than a diesel engine.
- SI engine produces low noise as compared to the CI engine.
- It requires less maintenance.
Is CI a diesel engine?
The diesel engine, named after Rudolf Diesel, is an internal combustion engine in which ignition of the fuel is caused by the elevated temperature of the air in the cylinder due to the mechanical compression; thus, the diesel engine is a so-called compression-ignition engine (CI engine).
Which of following is SI engine?
A spark-ignition engine (SI engine) is an internal combustion engine, generally a petrol engine, where the combustion process of the air-fuel mixture is ignited by a spark from a spark plug.
What are the 3 main engine systems?
Main Engine Systems
- Lubricating Oil System. …
- Main Bearing Oil System. …
- Crosshead Bearing Oil System. …
- Cylinder Lubrication System. …
- Cooling Water System. …
- Cooling Water System Description. …
- Fuel Oil System. …
- Circulation System.
Which is the most preferred SI engine fuel?
For SI engines the aromatics are the best fuel and the paraffins are least desirable. The reason for this is normal paraffins exhibit the poorest antiknock quality when used in SI engines.
Is injector part of SI engine?
Spark-ignition engines normally use volatile liquid fuels. Preparation of fuel-air mixture is done outside the engine cylinder and formation of a homogeneous mixture is normally not completed in the inlet manifold. Spark-ignition engines normally use volatile liquid fuels.
What is the full form of CI engine?
Compression ignition (CI) engines
In a compression ignition engine only air or air plus residual combustion gases from the exhaust known as exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) is inducted into the chamber during the intake stroke, and compressed during the compression stroke.
Who invented diesel engine?
Rudolf Diesel, who is best known for the invention of the engine that bears his name, was born in Paris, France in 1858. His invention came while the steam engine was the predominant power source for large industries. In 1885, Diesel set up his first shop in Paris to begin development of a compression ignition engine.